眼科名词缩写大全
发布人:administrator 发布时间:2013/11/27 16:00:57  浏览次数:47729次
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abd┃abdominal 腹部的
ABK┃aphakic bullous keratopathy无晶体性大泡性角膜病变
abn┃abnormal异常
ac┃before meals餐前
AC┃anterior chamber前房
ACC┃accommodation调节
ACG┃angle-closure glaucoma闭角青光眼
ACIOL┃anterior chamber intraocular lens前房型眼内晶体
add┃adduction or reading additional power内收;阅读另加屈光力
ad lib┃as desired当需要时
adv┃advanced高度
AIBSE┃acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement急性特发性盲点扩大综合征
AIDS┃acquired immunodeficiency syndrome艾滋病
AION┃arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy动脉缺血性视神经病变┃anterior ischemic optic neuropathy前部缺血性视神经病变
AKS┃ankylosing spondylitis强直性脊椎炎
AL┃argon laser氩激光
ALPI┃argon laser peripheral iridoplasty氩激光周边虹膜成形术
ALT┃argon laser trabeculoplasty氩激光小梁成形术
AMA┃against medical advice违反医疗忠告
ambl┃amblyopia弱视
AMD┃age-related macular degeneration年龄相关性黄斑变性
AMN┃acute macular neuroretinopathy急性黄斑神经视网膜病变
AMPPE┃acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变
AMPPPE┃acute multifocal posterior placoid pigment epitheliopathy急性多病灶性后部盾鳞状色素上皮病变
ANA┃antinuclear antibody抗核抗体
ant┃anterior前
APMPPE┃acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性后部多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变
AODM┃adult-onset diabetes mellitus成人(发病)型糖尿病
AP┃anteroposterior前后
APD┃afferent pupillary defect瞳孔传入缺陷
approx┃approximately大约
APTT┃activated partial thromboplastin time激活部分促凝血酶原激酶时间
ARC┃anomalous retinal correspondence异常视网膜对应
ARMD┃age-retinal pigment epitheliitis年龄相关性黄斑变性
ARN┃acute retinal necrosis急性视网膜坏死
ARPE┃acute retinal pegment epitheliitis急性视网膜色素上皮炎
art┃artificial tears人工泪液
AS┃anterior synechia前粘连
ASA┃aspirin(acetylsalicylic acid)阿司匹林
ASAP┃as soon as possible尽快地
ASC┃anterior subcapsular cataract前囊下白内障
ASCVD┃atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease动脉硬化性心血管病
ASHD┃atherosclerotic heart disease动脉硬化性心脏病
astig┃astigmatism散光
ATR┃against-the-rule(astigmatism)逆规性(散光)
AU┃anterior uveitis前葡萄膜炎
AVM┃arteriovenous malformation动静脉畸形
A/V┃arteriolar/venous(ratio,nicking)小动脉/静脉(比,压痕)
AZOOR┃acute zonal occult outer retinopathy急性区域性隐匿性外层视网膜病变
Bas┃basophils嗜碱细胞
BC┃base curve基底曲线
BCC┃basal cell carcinoma基底细胞癌
BCP┃birth control pill避孕丸
BCR┃base curve radius基底弯曲半径
BCVA┃best corrected visual acuity最佳矫正视力
BD┃base down底向下
BDR┃background diabetic retinopathy背景型糖尿病性视网膜病变
BI┃base in底向内
bid┃twice a day一日两次
bilat┃bilateral两侧性
BIO┃binocular indirect ophthalmoscope双眼间接检眼镜
BK┃bullous keratopathy大泡性角膜病变
bleph┃blepharitis睑缘炎
BM┃basement membrane基底膜
BO┃base out 底向外
BP┃blood pressure血压
BRAO┃branch retinal artery occlusion视网膜分枝动脉阻塞
BRVO┃branch retinal vein occlusion视网膜分枝静脉阻塞
BU┃base up底向上
BUT┃break-up time泪膜破裂时间
BVA┃best visual acuity最佳视力
bx┃biopsy活检
c┃with与
c┃cornea角膜
CA┃carcinoma癌
CABG┃coronary artery bypass graft冠状动脉旁路移植
CAD┃coronary artery disease冠状动脉病
CAI┃carbonic anhydrase inhibitor碳酸酐酶抑制剂
Cap ┃capsule胶囊
CAR┃cancer-associated retinopathy癌相关性视网膜病变
cat┃cataract白内障
CAT┃computed axial tomography计算机体层摄影术
CB┃ciliary body睫状体
CBC┃complete blood count完全血细胞计数
cc┃with correction矫正(视力)
cc┃chief complaint主诉
CCA┃common carotid artery颈总动脉
CCT┃computer-assisted corneal topography角膜地形图仪
C/D┃cup-to-disc ratio杯/盘比
CF┃count fingers数指
CFZ┃capillary-free zone无毛细血管地带
C&F┃cells and flare细胞和光带(闪光)
CHF┃congestive heart failure充血性心力衰竭
CHI┃closed head injury闭合性头颅外伤
CHRPE┃congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium先天性视网膜色素上皮肥厚
CK┃conductive keratoplasty传导性角膜成形术
CL┃contact lens,clear接触镜,透明
CME┃cystoid macular edema囊样黄斑水肿
cmv┃cytomegalovirus巨细胞病毒
CN┃cranial nerve脑神经
CNS┃central nervous system中枢神经系统
CNV┃choroidal neovascularization脉络膜新生血管形成
CNVM┃choroidal neovascular membrane脉络膜新生血管膜
c/o┃complaining of主诉
COAG┃chronic open-angle glaucoma慢开角青光眼
cong┃congenital先天性
conj┃conjunctiva结膜
COP┃cicatricial ocular pemphigoid瘢痕性眼类天疱疮
COPD┃chronic obstructive pulmonary disease慢性阻塞性肺病
CP┃cerebral palsy大脑麻痹
CPEO┃chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia慢性进行性眼外肌麻痹
CPR┃cardiopulmonary resuscitation心肺复苏术
CR┃chorioretinal脉络膜视网膜
CRAO┃central retinal artery occlusion视网膜中央动脉阻塞
CRF┃chronic renal failure慢性肾衰竭
CRT┃corneal refractive therapy角膜屈光矫正法
CRVO┃central retinal vein occlusion视网膜中央静脉阻塞
C&S┃culture and sensitivity培养和敏感性
CSCR┃central serous chorioretinopathy中心性浆液性脉络膜视网膜病变
CSF┃cerebrospinal fluid脑脊髓液
CSME┃clinical significant macular edema临床意义性黄斑水肿
CSR┃central serous retinopathy中心性浆液性视网膜病变
csw┃corneoscleral wound角膜巩膜创伤
CT┃cover test遮盖试验┃computed tomography计算机体层摄影
CT scan┃computed tomographic scan计算机体层扫描
CV┃color vision色觉
CVA┃cerebrovascular accident脑中风
CVD┃cardiovascular disease 心血管病
CWS┃cotton-wool spot棉絮斑
Cx┃culture(微生物)培养
CXR┃chest x-ray film胸部X光片
cyl┃cylinder柱镜
d┃days天
D┃diopter or diameter屈光度或直径
D/C┃discontinue停止
D&C┃deep and clear(前房)深而透明
DD┃disc diameter视盘直径
DDx┃differential diagnosis鉴别诊断
DFE┃dilated fundus examination扩瞳检查眼底
D&I┃ dilation and irrigation(泪道)扩张和灌洗
DHD┃dissociated horizontal deviation分离性水平偏斜
dia┃diameter直径
disp┃dispense配药
DM┃diabetes mellitus糖尿病
DR┃diabetic retinopathy糖尿病视网膜病变
DV┃distance vision远距离视力
DVA┃distance vision acuity远距离视力
DVD┃dissociated vertical deviation分离性垂直偏离
DW┃daily wear每日戴(接触镜)
Dx┃diagnosis诊断
DX┃Diamox醋氮酰胺
E┃esophoria at far内隐斜(视远)
E’ ┃esophoria at near内隐斜(视近)
ECA┃external carotid artery颈外动脉
ECCE┃extracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊外摘除术
EDTA┃ethylene dianline tetraacctic acid乙烯dianline tetraacctic酸
EEG┃electroencephalogram脑电图
EF┃eccentric fixation离心注视
EKC┃epidemic keratoconjunctivitis流行性角结膜炎
EKGorECG┃electrocardiogram心电图
ELISA┃enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay酶连结免疫吸收测定
EMM┃epimacular membrane黄斑表面膜
endo┃endothelium内皮细胞
ENT┃ear,nose,throat耳鼻喉
EOG┃electro-oculogram眼电图
EOM┃extraocular muscles眼外肌
eos┃eosinophil嗜酸型细胞
epi┃epithelium上皮细胞
ER┃emergency room急诊室
ERG┃electroretinogram视网膜电图
ERM┃epiretinal membrane视网膜表面膜
ESR┃erythrocyte sedimentation rate血沉
ET┃esotropia at far内斜视(视远)
ET’ ┃esotropia at near内隐斜(视近)
E(T)orIET┃intermittent esotropia at far间歇性内隐斜(视近)
E(T)’orIET’┃ intermittent esotropia at near间歇性内隐斜(视远)
ETOH┃ethyl alcohol乙醇,酒精
EUA ┃examination under anesthesia全麻下检查
EW┃extended wear长期戴用(接触镜)
EXT┃external ocular examination外眼检查
exoph┃exophthalmos眼球突出
FA┃fluorescein angiography荧光素血管造影
FAZ┃fluorescein angiography中心凹无血管地带
FB┃foreign body异物
FBS┃fasting blood sugar空腹血糖
FC┃finger count数指
FFA┃fundus fluorescein angiography荧光素眼底血管造影
FHorFHx┃family history家族史
fl┃fluorescein荧光素
FMHx┃family medical history家族病史
FML┃fluorometholone弗米隆
FOHx┃family ocular history家族眼病史
FR┃foveal reflex中心凹反光
FROM┃full range of motion运动范围完整
FTA-ABS┃fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test荧光密螺旋体抗体吸收试验
FTMH┃full-thickness macular hole黄斑全层裂孔
f/u┃follow-up随访
GC┃gonorrhea or gonococcus淋病或淋菌
GCA┃giant cell arteritis巨细胞性动脉炎
gent┃gentamicin庆大霉素
GI┃gastrointestine胃肠
GLC┃glaucoma,glucose青光眼,葡萄糖
fonio┃gonioscopy前房角镜检查
GPC┃giant papillary conjunctivitis巨乳头性结膜炎
gr┃grain 谷(=0.065克)
gt or gtt┃drop(Plural,gtt)滴(复数,gtt)
GTT┃glucose tolerance test葡萄糖耐量试验
GVF┃Goldmann visual field Goldmann视野
H or hr(hrs) ┃hour小时
HA┃headache头痛
Hb,Hgb┃hemoglobin血红蛋白
HCL┃hard contact lens硬性接触镜
Hct┃hematocrit血细胞比容
HCTZ┃hydrocholorothiazide呋塞米(双氢克尿塞)
hem┃hemorrhage出血
HIV┃human immunodeficiency virus人类免疫缺陷病毒
HLA┃histocompatibility locus antigen or human leukocyte antigen组织相容性基因位点抗原或人类白细胞抗原
h/o┃history of历史
HM┃hand motion手动
H&P┃history and physical病史和体格
hs┃at bedtime在就寝时间
HSK┃herpes simplex keratitis单纯疱疹性角膜炎
HSV┃herpes simplex virus单纯疱疹病毒
HT┃hypertropia at far上斜视(远距离)
HT’ ┃hypertropia at near上斜视(近距离)
HTN┃hypertension高血压
HVF┃Humphrey visual field Humphrey视野
Hx┃history历史
HZO┃herpes zoster ophthalmicus眼带状疱疹
I┃iris虹膜
I&A┃irrigation and aspiration灌注和抽吸
IBx┃incisional biopsy切口性活检
IC┃iridocyclitis虹膜睫状体炎
ICA┃internal carotid artery颈内动脉
ICCE┃intracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊内摘除术
ICE┃inidocorneal endothelial syndrome虹膜角膜内皮综合征
ICG┃indocyanine green吲哚青绿
ICP┃intracranial pressure颅内压
ICU┃intensive care unit监护病房
I&D┃incision and drainage切开引流术
IDDM┃insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus胰岛素依赖糖尿病
IDU┃idoxuridine疱疹净
IFIOL┃iris-fixated intraocular lens虹膜固定眼内晶体
Ig┃immunoglobulin免疫球蛋白
IK┃interstitial keratitis基质性角膜炎
Im┃intramuscular肌内
Imp┃impression印象
inf┃inferior下
inj┃injection注射
INO┃internuclear ophthalmoplegia核间眼肌麻痹
INQ┃inferonasal quadrant鼻下象限
int┃intermittent间歇性
IOFB┃intraocular forergn body眼内异物
IOH┃intraocular hemorrhage眼内出血
IOL┃intraocular lens眼内晶状体,人工晶体
ION┃ischemic optic neuropathy缺血性视神经病变
IOP┃intraocular pressure眼压
IR┃infrared红外线
IRMA┃intraretinal microvascular abnormality视网膜内微血管异常
ITQ┃inferotemporal quadrant颞下象限
iu┃international unit or intermediate uveitis国际单位或中间葡萄膜炎
IV┃intravenous静脉内
JCT┃Juxtacanalicular Tissue管旁组织
JODM┃juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus青少年型糖尿病
JRA┃juvenile rheumatoid arthritis少年类风湿性关节炎
K┃cornea or potassium角膜或钾
KCS┃keratoconjunctivitis sicca干燥性角膜结膜炎
kg┃kilogram公斤
KP┃keratic precipiate角膜后沉着物
L┃left or lens左或晶状体
lab┃laboratory试验室
lac┃lacrimal泪
LASEK┃laser subepithelial keratomileusis激光上皮下角膜磨削术
LASIK┃laser in situ keratomileusis激光原位角膜磨削术
LCG┃light contrast glare光对比炫耀
LCTP┃lateral canthal tendon plication外眦腱折叠术
LI┃laser iridotomy or laser interferometry激光虹膜切开术或激光干涉仪
LK,LKP┃lamellar keratoplasty板层角膜移植术
LIO┃left inferior oblique左眼下斜肌
LIR┃left inferior rectus左眼下直肌
LL┃lower lid or lids and lashes下睑或眼睑和睫毛
LLR┃left lateral rectus左眼外直肌
LMR┃left medial rectus左眼内直肌
LN┃lymph node淋巴结
LP┃light perception,light projection,or lumber puncture光感,光定位,或腰椎穿刺
LPI┃laser peripheral iridoplasty激光周边虹膜成形术
LS┃lid scrubs睑缘擦洗(治疗睑缘炎)
LSO┃laser scanner ophthalmolscope激光扫描检眼镜
LSO┃left superior oblique左眼上斜肌
LSR┃left superior rectus左眼上直肌
LTP┃laser trabeculoplasy激光小梁成形术
LTQ┃lower temporal quadrant颞下象限
LVA┃low vision aids低视力辅助
lymph┃lymphocytes or lymphatic淋巴细胞或淋巴
mac┃macular黄斑
mand┃mandibular下颌骨
MAR┃melanoma-associated retinopathy黑色素相关的视网膜病变
max┃maximum or maxillary最大值或上颌骨
MCH┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin 平均血细胞血红蛋白
MCHC┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration平均血细胞血红蛋白浓度
MCV┃mean corpuscular volume平均血细胞体积
ME┃macular edema黄斑水肿
MEDs┃medications药物治疗
mERG┃multifocal ERG多区域(多焦)视网膜电图
mfERG┃multifocal ERG多区域(多焦)视网膜电图
MEWDS┃multiple evanescent white dot syndrome多数消散性白点综合征
MFC┃multifocal choroiditis多病灶性脉络膜炎
M.G. ┃Marcus Gunn瞳孔传入缺陷
MHx┃medical history病史
MI┃myocardial infarction心肌梗塞
min┃minute or minimum分钟或最小量
ml┃milliliter毫升
mmHg┃millimeters of mercury毫米汞柱
M&N┃Mydriacyl(tropicamide)and Neo-synephrine(phenylephrine) 两种最常用的扩瞳剂:托庇卡按及新福林
mon┃monocytes单核细胞
MR┃manifest refraction显性验光┃magnetic resonance磁共振
MRA┃magnetic resonance angiography磁共振血管造影术
MRD┃上睑缘至角膜中心反光点的距离
MRI┃magnetic resonance imaging磁共振成像术
MS┃multiple sclerosis多发性硬化
MVA┃motor vehicle accident交通工具意外事故(车祸)
N/A┃not applicable不适用
NAG┃narrow-angle glaucoma窄角型青光眼
NAION┃nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非动脉缺血性视神经病变
NAP┃no apparent pathology无明显病理学
NCT┃noncontact tonometer非接触眼压计
neg┃negative隐性
NFL┃nerve fiber layer神经纤维层
NFLD┃nerve fiber layer defect神经纤维层缺陷
NG┃nongranulomatous非肉芽肿性
NI┃no improvement无进步
NIDDM┃non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus非胰岛素依赖型糖尿病
NION┃Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非动脉缺血性视神经病变
NKA┃no known allergies无已知的过敏反应
nl┃normal正常
NLP┃no light perception无光感
Non repet┃not to be repeated(refilled)不重复(再次发药)
NPA┃near point of accommodation调节近点
NPC┃near point of convergence集合近点
NPDR┃non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy非增生性糖尿病视网膜病变
NR┃no refill不能再次发药
NRC┃normal retinal correspondence正常视网膜对应
NS┃nuclear sclerosis核性白内障(核硬化)
NSA┃no significant abnormalities无重要异常
NSAID┃no steroidal anti-inflammatory drug非类固醇消炎药
NTG┃normal tension glaucoma正常眼压性青光眼
NV┃near vision or neovascularization近视力或新生血管形成
NV┃neovascularization新生血管形成
N/V┃nausea and vomiting恶心和呕吐
NVA┃Near visual acuity近视力
NVD┃neovascularization of disc视盘新生血管形成
NVE┃neovascularization of retina elsewhere视网膜新生血管形成
NVG┃neovascular glaucoma新生血管性青光眼
NVI┃neovascularization of the iris虹膜新生血管形成
OA┃optic atrophy视神经萎缩
OAG┃open-angle glaucoma开角型青光眼
OCP┃ocular cicatricial pemphigoid眼瘢痕性类天疱疮
OCT┃optic coherence tomography光学相干体层扫描术,光学相干层析术
OD┃right eye右眼
ODM┃ophthalmodynamometry眼动脉压测量
OFHx┃ocular family history眼病家族史
OGTT┃oral glucose tolerance test口服葡萄糖耐量试验
OHTN┃ocular hypertension高眼压病
OHx┃ocular history眼病史
OKN┃optokinetic nystagmus视运动性眼球震颤
ON┃optic nerve视神经
ONAorOA┃optic nerve atrophy or optic atrophy视神经萎缩
ONH┃optic nerve head视神经头
ONSD┃optic nerve sheath decompression视神经鞘减压术
OP┃outpatient门诊病人
Op┃operation(Post Op)手术(术后)
OR┃operating room手术室┃Over-refraction重叠验光
Ortho┃orthophoria正视轴
Ortho-K┃CRT,corneal refractive therapy角膜屈光矫正法
OS┃left eye左眼
OU┃both eyes双眼
OZ┃optical zone光学地带
p┃pupil瞳孔
PA┃posteroanterior后前
PACG┃primary angle-closure glaucoma原发性闭角型青光眼
PACT┃prism alternating cover test棱镜交替遮盖试验
PAM┃potential acuity meter潜在视力计
PAN┃preauricular node耳前淋巴结
PAS┃peripheral anterior synechia周边虹膜前粘连
Pat or pt┃patient病人
path┃pathology病理学
P4,P2,etc. pilocarpine4%,2%,etc.drops毛果云香碱4%,2%等,眼药水
PBK┃pseudophakic bullous keratopathy无晶状体性大泡性角膜病变
PC┃after meals餐后
PC┃posterior capsule后囊
PCF┃pharyngoconjunctival fever咽结膜热
PCIOL┃posterior chamber intraocular lens后房眼内晶体
PCN┃penicillin青霉素
PCO┃posterior capsular opacity后囊混浊
PD┃prism diopter棱镜屈光度
PD┃pupillary distance瞳孔距离
PDR┃proliferative diabetic retinopathy增生性糖尿病视网膜病变
PDS┃pigment dispersion syndrome色素播散综合征
PDT┃photodynamic therapy光动力疗法
PE┃physical examination体格检查
PED┃pigment epithelial detachment色素上皮脱离
PEE┃punctate epithelial erosions点状上皮侵蚀
PEK┃punctate epithelial keratitis点状上皮角膜炎
PERG┃pattern electroretinogram图形视网膜电图
PERRL┃pupils equal,round,reactive to light瞳孔相等,圆,对光反射
PERRLA┃pupils equal,round,reactive to light and accommodation瞳孔相等,圆,对光反应和调节
PF┃Pred Forte
Pg┃Prostaglandin前列腺素
ph┃pinhole针孔
phako┃phakoemulsification晶状体乳化术
PHNIorNIph┃pinhole no improvement针孔无进步
PHPV┃persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous永存原始玻璃体增生症
PI┃present illness,peripheral iridotomy,or peripheral iridectomy现有疾病,周边虹膜切开术,或周边虹膜切除术
PKPorPK┃penetrating keratoplasty穿透性角膜移植术
PMMA┃polymethyl methacrylate聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(有机玻璃)
PMN┃polymorphonuclear neutrophil多形核中性白细胞
po┃per os,by mouth口服
POAG┃primary open-angle glaucose原发性开角型青光眼
POHS┃presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome假定眼组织胞浆菌病综合征
post┃posterior后
PPA┃peripapillary atrophy视乳头周围萎缩
PPD┃purified protein derivative or posterior polymorphous dystrophy纯蛋白质衍生物或后多形性营养不良
PPDR┃pre-proliferative diabetic retinopathy增生前型糖尿病视网膜病变
PPL┃pars plana lensectomy平部晶状体切除术
PPV┃pars plana vitrectomy平部玻璃体切割术
prep┃preparation准备
PRK┃photorefractive keratectomy激光屈光角膜切除术
prn┃take as needed当需要时服用
PRP┃pan-retinal photocoagulation全视网膜光凝术
PS┃posterior synechia虹膜后粘连
PSC┃posterior subcapsular catarcat后囊下白内障
PTC┃pseudotumor cerebri大脑假性肿瘤
PTK┃phototherapeutic keratectomy光治疗性角膜切除术
PVD┃posterior vitreous detachment玻璃体后脱离
PVEP┃pattern visual evoked potential图形视觉诱发电位
PVR┃proliferative vitreoretinopathy增生性玻璃体视网膜病变
Px┃prognosis预后
PXE┃psuedoxanthoma elasticum弹力性黄假瘤
q┃every每
qd┃every day每天
q2h┃every 2 hours每2小时
qid┃four times a day一天四次
qod┃every other day每隔一日
R┃right右
RA┃rheumatoid arthritis类风湿性关节炎
RB┃rose Bengal,retinoblastoma孟加拉玫瑰红,视网膜母细胞瘤
RBC┃red blood cell红血细胞
RBON┃retrobulbar optic neuritis球后视神经炎
RCE┃recurrent corneal erosion复发性角膜侵蚀
RD┃retinal ditachment视网膜脱离
RF┃rheumatoid factor类风湿因子
R-G┃red-green红-绿
RGB┃Red green blue红绿蓝
RGP┃rigid gas permeable刚质透气(接触镜)
RI┃rubeosis iridis虹膜红变
RIO┃right inferior oblique右眼下斜肌
RIR┃right inferior rectus右眼下直肌
RK┃radial keratotomy放射状角膜切开术
RLR┃right lateral tectus右眼外直肌
RMR┃right medial rectus右眼内直肌
R/O┃rule Out摈除,排除
ROP┃retinopathy of prematurity早产儿视网膜病变
RP┃retinitis pigmentosa视网膜色素变性
RPE┃retinal pigment epithelium视网膜色素上皮
RRD┃rhegmatogenous retinal detachment孔原性视网膜脱离
RSO┃right superior oblique右眼上斜肌
RSR┃right superior rectus右眼上直肌
RT┃return复诊
RTC┃return to clinic复诊
RTO┃return to office复诊
RV┃return visit复诊
Rx┃prescription处方
s┃without没有
SB┃scleral buckle巩膜扣带术
sc┃without correction未戴眼镜矫正
SCL┃soft contact lens软接触镜
SEI┃subepithelial infiltrate上皮下侵润
SI┃sector iridectomy扇形虹膜切除术
sibs┃siblings同胞
Sig┃write on label用法
SJS┃Stevens-Johnson syndrome综合征
SL┃Schwalbe’s line or serum lysozyme Schwalbe线或血清溶菌霉
SLE┃slit lamp examination or systemic lupus erythematosus裂隙灯检查或系统性红斑狼疮
SLK┃superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis上部角膜缘角结膜炎
Sn┃sign体征
SNQ┃superonasal quadrant鼻上象限
SOB┃shortness of breath呼吸短促
Sol┃solution溶液
S/P┃status post后状态(例如XX手术后)
Sph┃spherical球面镜
SPK┃superficial punctuate keratitis浅层点状角膜炎
SR┃subjective refraction主觉验光
SRF┃subretinal fluid视网膜下液体
SRNV┃subretinal neovascularization视网膜下新生血管形成
SRNVM┃subretinal neovascular membrane视网膜下新生血管膜
SRx┃spectacle prescription眼镜处方
Ss┃scleral spur or sickle cell disease巩膜突或镰状细胞病
stat┃immediately立即
STD┃sexually transmitted disease性传播疾病
STQ┃superotemporal quadrant颞上象限
strab┃strabismus斜视
subcu┃subcutaneous皮下
sup┃superior下
susp┃suspension悬浮液
SVP┃spontaneous venous pulsation自发性静脉波动
Sx┃symptom症状
synech┃synechia虹膜粘连
T1/2┃Timoptic drops0.5%0.5%赛马心安眼药水
TA┃applanation tonometry or temporal arteritis压平式眼压测量法或颞动脉炎
Tab ┃tablet 片剂
Tap┃applanation tonometry压平式眼压测量法
TB┃tuberculosis结核
tbs┃tablespoon汤匙
TBUT┃tear break-up time泪膜破裂时间
TDx┃tentative diagnosis试验性诊断
TIA┃transient ischemic attack暂时性缺血性发作
tid┃three times a day一日三次
TM┃trabecular meshwork小梁网状组织,小梁网络
Tnct┃noncontact(air puff)tonometry非接触性(空气冲击)眼压测量法
TPR┃temperature,pulse,respiration体温,脉搏,呼吸
trab┃trabeculectomy小梁切除术
TSH┃thyroid-stimulating hormone促甲状腺激素
Tsp┃teaspoon茶匙
Tx┃treatment治疗
UA┃urinalysis尿分析
UBM┃ultrasound biomicroscope超声活体显微镜
UCT┃unilateral cover test单眼遮盖试验
UL┃upper lid上睑
ung┃ointment软膏
UNQ┃upper nasal quadrant鼻上象限
URI┃upper respiratory infection上呼吸道感染
UTI┃urinary tract infection尿路感染
UTT┃unable to test不能试验
UV┃ultraviolet紫外线
V┃vitreous玻璃体
VA┃visual acuity视力
Vcc┃vision with correction较正视力
Vccl┃vision with contact lens接触镜矫正视力
VD┃venereal disease性病
VDRL┃Venereal disease research laboratory性病研究实验室(梅毒试验)
VEP┃visual evoked potential视诱发电位
VER┃visual evoked response视诱发反应
VF┃visual fields视野
VH┃vitreous hemorrhage玻璃体积血
VKC┃vernal keratoconjunctivitis春季角膜结膜炎
VKH┃Vogt-koyanagi-harada syndrome综合征
VOR┃vestibuloocular reflex前庭眼反射
Vsc┃vision without correction裸眼视力
VZV┃varicella-zoster correction水痘-带状疱疹病毒
W-4-D┃Worth-four-dot Worth四点灯
WBC┃white blood cell白血细胞
WC┃warm compresses热敷
WC/LS┃warm compresses and lid scrubs热敷及擦洗睑缘
Wk┃week星期
WNL┃within normal limits在正常限度内
WRA┃with-the-rule astigmatism顺规性(散光)
wt┃weight重量
X┃exophoria at far or axis外隐斜(视远)或轴
X’ ┃exophoria at near外隐斜(视近)
XT┃constant exotropia at far外斜视(视远)
XT’ ┃contant exotropia at near外斜视(视近)
X(T)orIXT┃intermittent exotropia at far间歇性外斜视(视远)
X(T)’orIXT’ ┃intermittent exotropia at near间歇性外斜视(视近)
YAG┃yttrium aluminum garnet亿铝石榴激光
YLI┃YAG laser iridotomy YAG激光虹膜切开术
Y/O┃years old岁(年龄)
YPC┃YAG laser posterior capsulotomy YAG激光后囊切开术